By John De Frank
September 27, 2010
LOS ANGELES, Calif. "The workingman gives up his dreams and slaves
for all his life," the impassioned marcher shouted, her voice blaring
Chicanoism out of a bullhorn that echoed down the streets of East Los Angeles.
Hundreds of sign-wielding activists marched in the streets to mark
the 40th anniversary of the National Chicano Moratorium of the
Vietnam War August 27. The Moratorium, which was implemented by the
Chicano movement back in 1970, protested the exploitation of
minorities, especially Latinos in the Vietnam War.
The march followed the original 1970 route, in East L.A., down
Whittier Boulevard, passing the Silver Dollar, the bar where Ruben
Salazar, a Juarez-El Paso native and acclaimed war and human rights
journalist was killed 40 years ago during the first moratorium march.
Salazar was covering the moratorium when he was struck in the head
with a 10-inch wall-piercing tear gas projectile while sitting inside
the Silver Dollar.
Old and new school Chicano activists, Latino organizations and other
collectives rallied at Salazar Park for the 40th anniversary of the
march commemorating both the moratorium against the Vietnam War and
Salazar's death to raise awareness of problems Latinos face today.
Cited were two wars and the growing immigration debate with laws
considered discriminatory against Latinos such as bill SB1070 passed
recently in Arizona.
Eric Murillo, one of several activists from El Paso in the sea of
brown berets and red Chicano flags, said he went to the event to
express his opposition to war. "I went to L.A. because I really
wanted to take a stand against the wars that we're in now and to
think about what happened 40 years ago… and I think a lot of things
that a lot of people were fighting for in 1970, people are looking
for differences and changes in our society today," said Murillo.
Murillo said that a play entitled The Silver Dollar that was part of
the Anniversary had a strong impact on the participants. "The Silver
Dollar play really touched me because for one, it was written by an
El Pasoan… and of course Ruben Salazar, an El Pasoan and who did a
lot for his community in terms of raising awareness and standing up
for human rights."
The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department broke up the 1970
moratorium march using tear gas and one of those canisters hit
Salazar who was inside the Silver Dollar. A storm of controversy
followed the investigation of Salazar's death. Reports said that the
tear gas used by the Sheriff's Department was designed for barricade
removal rather than crowd dispersal.
As part of the anniversary people held photos of Salazar as a
memorial to a Latino devoted to minority rights and their stories of struggle.
Murillo, a military vet and activist for both immigration and
veteran's rights, parallels the struggles that surrounded Chicanos in
1970 with that of the Latinos today in regards to immigration rights
and military service.
"There's a lot of money being spent on militarizing the border
instead of helping the communities and I think that one of the things
that I really took from the event is the need for our communities to
look at where we are the same verses different so that we can pull
together to create enough of an impact to make a change," said Murillo.
Murillo turned to activism and attended the anniversary of the
moratorium because of his experiences in both the service and being
"I'm opposed to these wars because I feel we are being used as cannon
fodder for people that are benefiting greatly from the war while our
communities are suffering. Money that could be spent in our
communities is being spent on war," said Murillo.
As Murillo immersed himself into the river of demonstrators and
explained the plot of The Silver Dollar's generational gap and the
rebirth of the Chicano identity, he reiterated the importance of the
moratorium and Chicano movement.
"I think a lot of us are left wondering what our role is in this
movement and not as a question that we ask someone else but rather
internally. I think we're all trying to ask ourselves how we can take
the lessons learned from this movement … and how we can look with in
and see how we can pull our community together," said Murillo.
Murillo, who is also a father and often times takes his child with
him to rallies and protests, explained that he wants his child to
learn from these experiences. "I think it's important that all
generations get exposed to it because they are the future and if we
want to make a better future, I think we really have to start with
educating our children about the conditions that exist and also the
solutions for these conditions that exist."